What is Robotics? 12 Latest Robotics Examples

What Is Robotics

Table of Contents

Think of the answer that comes to your mind when I ask you What is Robotics?

It probably would be some destructive hulk figure from some terminator-type movie. 

Well, that is an exaggerated version of a screenwriter’s imagination. 

You are not to blame; Hollywood is.

And if we had to compare the movie to reality, there is a movie-type robot, but rather a sophisticated one – Sophia, a human-like robot known for her behaviour, appearance, and conversations.

Sophia is just one example, but robotics is far more prevalent than we actually think. 

Key Takeaways

  • Basic understanding of robotics 
  • 12 robotics examples in different industries 
  • Different advantages and disadvantages of robotics 

What is Robotics 

Robotics is a branch of computer science that deals with the design making, operation, manufacturing, and use of robots. 

Robotics aims to create machine technology that can replace human activity and efforts. 

What differentiates a simple machine from a robot is the integration of programming and artificial intelligence. 

The Self-driving car is a famous example of robotics. A car is a machine, but artificial intelligence and programming make it a robot. 

12 Applications of Robotics

1. Healthcare Sector

In healthcare workers, robotics is helping in many dimensions; patient therapy, high-level precision in invasive surgery with robotics-assisted surgery, additional rehabilitation support, and everyday activity. 

Robots do not replace professionals or nurses. They instead make their work easy. 

Also Read: 7 Applications of Artificial Intelligence in the Healthcare Sector

2. Space Exploration

Just like astronauts, there are now robonauts for space exploration. 

Two robonauts, R1 and R2, from NASA, perform various tasks on the International space station. 

Humans can’t roam around on the moon or mars to study the surface or can barely fix spaceships in deep space as they have limited mobility. Robots are great helping hands and human replacements. 

3. Military

War robots handle dangerous tasks in the army that prevent a soldier’s life from being in danger. Many dangerous and tactical tasks are being delegated to robots, i.e., explosion detection and disposal, mine diffusor, military attack, surveillance, tracking, logistics support, search and rescue operations, etc.

4. Underwater Exploration

Deep seas are mysterious and unknown places; limited human reach constricts exploration. And no one can ignore the risk factor. But robots have become an excellent alternative for deep-sea exploration of plant life, sea animals, and other underwater data.

5. Agriculture

Robotics in agriculture improves farmers’ working conditions by cutting down on heavy and tiring manual work.  

The top facility robots work in fruit harvesting, spraying pesticides (that are harmful to human skin) on only those plants that need them, crop inspection, crop data collection and other advanced decision-making.

6. Manufacturing

Robots are used in many industries for manufacturing processes like welding, packaging, painting, and integration of parts, which are repetitive in nature and could be hazardous for humans. 

It also cuts down the production operation cost and saves a lot more time than human workers, maximising profit and productivity.

7. Food Preparation

Moley Robotics is said to be the world’s first robotic kitchen. It not only cooks but also informs you of the ingredients you’ll need to stock up on and cleans up the cooking surface. 

Robotic smart chefs will soon be available in the kitchens. These robots will be controlled and used by a smartphone to perform.

8. Restaurants

Japan is already living in the 22nd century. This country has the highest number of robots and vending machines in the world.

The restaurant chain SKYLARK has 1000+ robots as waiters that serve food to customers. 

Japan is not the only country where robots work in restaurants; there is a rise in Robo-restaurants and cafes around the world.

9. Domestic Cleaning Robots

You’ve probably seen these cleaning robots in a movie or a popular K-Drama.

Autonomous robots for the household do chores like vacuum cleaning, grass cutting, pool cleaning, etc.  

‘Roomba’ is a well-known vacuum cleaner that does sweeping and moping.

10. Construction 

The construction sector is late in catching the train of automation despite being the largest sector in the global economy. 

Integration of robotics can improve construction site safety, reduce accidents, and improve overall work efficiency. 

81% of construction businesses predict they will automate their work with robots in the next 10 years.

11. Entertainment

Robots are now used for entertainment in movies, amusement parks, and even homes. 

Disney is placing ‘Vyloo’, the personality development robot, across the park. Robotic creatures are an excellent and innovative way of keeping guests entertained and engaged in the park.

12. Mining

Mining is tough labour work, and safety and security hardly exist for mine workers. 

Robots under supervision can do drilling, laying explosives, moving underground, rescue, and mining in harsh places where humans can not survive/reach. 

Groundhog Robot, developed in 2010, has laser finders, and finder provides data of cross-section, ceiling and ground structure in mines.

Know More About: Top 5 Benefits of Introducing Robotics to Kids

Advantages & Disadvantages of Robotics

Advantages Disadvantages 
24/7 working hours Expensive to install
Increased efficiency Replace human job 
Better quality Constant power consumption 
Reduce wastage Cybersecurity issue 
Increased profitability Technology malfunction risk

Conclusion

Although robots can only do activities that they are programmed for, they are still very efficient and effective in replacing unnecessary human workloads.

Especially in places like underwater exploration or bomb diffusion, where human life is practically in danger, the use of robots is life-saving. 

In the near future, we can expect more advanced and sophisticated robots to be part of our daily lives, making it simpler and easier. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is robotic’s simple definition?

Robotics is a branch of computer science that builds robotics. It deals with the design, making,  operation, and manufacturing of robots.

Who uses robotics?

The top industries, like health, agriculture, food and grocery, military, manufacturing, etc., use robotics.

What are the 5 different types of robots?

Autonomous mobile robots, automated guided vehicles, articulated robots, humanoids, and cobots are five different types of robots.

Who is the father of robotics?

The American physicist and engineer Joseph Frederick Engelberger was the father of robotics.

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