What is Enterprise Resource Planning – ERP

What is enterprise resource planning?

Table of Contents

Growing businesses ultimately hit a state where spreadsheets are no longer sufficient. 

Here’s where the enterprise resource planning system comes in: ERP systems gather critical business data, allowing firms to maintain streamlined operational efficiencies as they 1grow.

Most industry professionals had heard the word “ERP,” but they could not fully comprehend what ERP software solutions can achieve for their organisations.

Continue reading for insights into almost any questions you could have regarding Enterprise Resource Planning.

Key Takeaways

  • Know What is ERP
  • Learn How different ERP System works
  • Different Types of ERP
  • Know Who & Where is ERP used
  • Career Opportunities in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) in 2022

What is ERP?

ERP, a term created by research company Gartner in 1990, could be a perplexing idea as ERP is not a stand-alone program. 

An ERP is, at its foundation, a software application which automates company activities and gives insights and risk management by utilising a central repository that receives inputs across departments such as finance, production, supply chain, sales, marketing, including human resources (HR).

Also read: Digital Supply Chain Management: What Is Industry 4.0?

Simply said, an ERP system aids in the integration of people, fundamental business operations, and technologies across a company.

How Does an ERP System Work?

ERP systems function by utilising a predefined, standard data format. Data entered by one department is instantly accessible to authorised users throughout the organisation. This consistent framework keeps everyone on the same page. 

For instance, a regional food distribution network includes many outlets that frequently share goods and workers. When quality, revenue, and personnel data from such locations is entered into the ERP system, it is structured to reflect the area from which it came.

Integrations are often achievable when a corporation employs business solutions from many providers to let data flow further into ERP automatically. These real-time statistics may then be used to improve any operation or workflow within the ERP.

Types of ERP Deployment Model

Different ERP deployment models handle the demands of various enterprises. Here’s a breakdown of how each operates and the notable change:

On-Premises ERP: 

With an On-Premises ERP, the company hosts the system on its own servers and is in charge of security, support, updates, and other adjustments. In-house IT personnel with the necessary experience are frequently required for maintenance.

Cloud-Based ERP: 

Cloud-Based ERP operates on distant servers that are controlled by a third party. A Cloud ERP is often accessed via an internet browser, offering users additional freedom – they may access documents and information from any location via the internet. Cloud ERP has several deployment options, including single-tenant and multi-tenant.

Explore more: What Is Cloud Computing? Cloud Computing For Beginners

Hybrid ERP:

Hybrid ERP combines aspects of On-Premises and cloud installations. Two-tier ERP is a hybrid method in which a company preserves its On-Premises ERP at headquarters yet uses cloud services for branches or specific regional offices.

Open-Source ERP: 

Open-Source ERP, like all the other accessible programmes, is a low-cost and occasionally free option that is appropriate for some businesses. Most Open-Source ERP vendors offer free software downloads and demand a minimal yearly cost solely if somehow the user needs cloud access.

Who uses ERP?

ERP has shown to be beneficial to businesses in every industry and with a wide range of company structures. Flexible solutions with significant functionality may accommodate a wide range of businesses and needs.

ERP helps a variety of job responsibilities inside such Businesses, not all of which are limited to.

Where ERP is Used?


The Accounting Department is frequently the first to embrace ERP. This team will record and evaluate all system activities and financial data, covering Accounts Payable (AP), Accounts Receivable (AR), and Wages. Financial Planning and Analysis (FP&A) professionals may use ERP to provide projections and reports on revenues, costs, and working capital, whether in a distinct job or as part of the audit team.

Supply Chain: 

Operational Employees, such as buying agents, distribution planners, warehouse operators, and senior supply management executives rely upon this ERP structure to achieve a smooth and consistent flow of products from supplier to client. 

Marketing and Sales: 

By automated lead management and tracking clients’ engagements with your organisation, an ERP solution may boost sales force efficiency and produce greater outcomes. Reps may record conversations and update the status of clients as they progress through the sales funnel.

Human Resources: 

Human Resources use the ERP to manage all personnel information as well as larger workforce trends. It can rapidly locate each employee’s contact details, salary and benefits details, and other papers.

ERP- Career Opportunities in Enterprise Resource Planning in 2022

ERP provides job opportunities at all levels because of its steadily increasing billion-dollar business. Aspirants from a variety of disciplines can seek a career in ERP.

Here are the three leading areas to pursue a career in ERP, among others:

Functional Consultants

Administrators to HRM, Back-end operators, Sales Personnel, Clerks, and Managerial Staff are all part of Enterprise Resource Planning.

Technical Consultants

In contrast to functional consultants, who are primarily concerned with business procedures, Technical Consultants are in charge of the programming necessary for the work.

Techno-Functional Consultants

As the term suggests, Techno-Functional Consultants are mostly in charge of fulfilling combined technical and functional consulting duties.

Below are among the essential Job Profiles in ERP:

  • ERP Programmer
  • ERP Administrator
  • ERP Analyst
  • ERP Project Manager
  • ERP Executive

Click here to get Live Projects on Business Analytics


Several of these innovations already are integrated into market-leading ERP packages.

AI and Machine Learning, for instance, may automate accounting reconciliations and identify transactions which require further investigation.

Blockchain secures data and can promote transparency across organisations inside a supply chain.

Augmented Reality has made inroads into retailing, allowing customers to digitally position a rug or 3D representation of furniture in their living area to get a feel of how it might appear prior to purchasing.

Finally, increasing businesses understand the usefulness of IoT devices such as cameras, sensors and scanners that can send data back to the ERP.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What’s the distinction between ERP and MRP?

An MRP, or Material Resources Planning, system was a forerunner of ERP that manufacturers used to better prepare for production runs. MRP systems handled manufacturing-related operations, including procurement and inventory monitoring, which are now just one component of today’s ERP systems.

What exactly is a Two-Tier ERP?

Two-tier ERP is a popular technique among bigger corporations with subsidiaries, different business units, or regional offices. Instead of being forced to utilise the old ERP, these business units or offices function on a less resource-intensive ERP — generally a SaaS solution — that is connected with the Tier 1 system.

What are the Benefits of using cloud-based ERP?

Many of the benefits of Cloud ERP revolve around decreased expenses and fewer problems. As the provider maintains all hardware, a cloud-based solution may also effortlessly accommodate your expansion.

Liked Our Article? Share it

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Have a Suggestion? Sent it to us now

Find the right learning path for yourself

Talk to our counsellor