Types of Engineering: Start your dynamic career the right way

Types of Engineering

Table of Contents

Are you aspiring to become an Engineer?

Confused about what are the different types of engineering and which branch of Engineering is the best for you? 

Are you looking for a guide that will help you choose the right branch of Engineering? 

Get all your questions cleared here, ranging from why is Engineering important to the types of Engineering careers, all your queries will be solved in this blog.

In this post, I am going to share with you the different branches of Engineering which you can pursue after high school. You will also get an idea of the types of engineering careers.

Key Take Aways

  1. Understand the different types of Engineering
  2. Learn about the career opportunities in each Type of Engineering
  3. Choose the right type of Engineering for you

Introduction: The types of Engineering


What is Engineering? 

Engineering is the application of science and math to design, test, and build machines, structures and processes. It is the process of developing technical solutions to issues in society. Engineering upgrades the state of the world by making people’s lives easier and safer. 

Why is Engineering important? 

Engineering subjects bring ideas to reality. Engineering is a crucial influencer in shaping the future, providing innovations and inventions to improve the way of life. 

Engineering is interdisciplinary in nature as it consists of several branches, with each branch specializing in a specific domain and adding value to society. 

Now that we know what is engineering and why is engineering important let us find out what are the types of engineering?

Aeronautical and Aerospace engineering

Aeronautical is one of the engineering branches that majorly involves studying the design, development, construction, and testing processes of an aircraft.  

It is a research-oriented branch with a heavy emphasis on science and technology. 

Astronautical engineering is a specific branch that focuses on spacecraft and the conditions of space. 

This branch of engineering is suggested for you if 

  • Aircraft, Space, and Aerodynamics fascinate you. 
  • You are keenly interested in the mechanics of air travel. 
  • Computer simulations intrigue you. 

As an Aeronautical Engineer, you can expect yourself to work as a Flight Mechanics engineer, assistant aircraft engineer, aircraft production engineer, or air safety officer. 

There are high chances for you to be selected in government organizations related to aircraft design and manufacturing. 

Girl working on the Aircraft- Types of Engineering

Bio-Technology Engineering

Biotechnology engineering deals with the research and study of microorganisms, bio-organisms, and cell functions in living beings. Biotechnology engineering includes chemical engineering and applied biology that incorporates living things in technology, medicine, engineering, and other significant applications. 

Bio-Tech Engineering is suggested for you if: 

  • You are curious about the biological processes in nature. 
  • You are seeking a career in a research-oriented role.

As a Bio-Technical Engineer, you will likely be working in the Research and Industry of many pharmaceutical firms. Your role will be similar to that of a scientist, where you will have to formulate new compounds, perform safety checks for various combinations of compounds.  

Bio-Tech Engineer working in the lab

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is one of the most famous categories of Engineering. It is one is the study of buildings and construction processes. It includes designing and developing infrastructure projects. This study comprises projects like the development of nationwide transport systems, water supply networks, and single roads, buildings, etc. 

This field of engineering is suggested for you if 

  • Designing buildings interests you. 
  • Mechanics, hydraulics, geotechnics, materials science, and statistical analysis are domains you want to work in 

After completing your Civil Engineering you will be hired by firms as one of the following: 

Construction and Management Engineer

A Construction Management Engineer is responsible for ensuring safety and environmental standards. Ensure that the project is going on the right timeline and budget. You will also be responsible for assessing the required maintenance to ensure that the infrastructure operates properly. 

Geotechnical Engineer

As a Geotechnical Engineer, you will be responsible for examining the interaction between the infrastructure and the ground and other natural elements. It includes factoring in the local geographical conditions and selecting the right building materials most suitable for the building’s climate. 

Structural Engineer

As a Structural Engineer, you will be responsible for determining the safest and most structural way to design a project. You will also have to focus on creating unique and aesthetically pleasing designs. Factoring the right kind of materials for the stability of the building is also important.

Structural Engineer's Requirements

Computer Science Engineering 

Computer Science engineering deals with the designing and prototyping of computing hardware and software. 

This engineering field involves learning various programming languages like JAVA, C, C++, Python, etc. With the technological advancements, Universities are adding courses like Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to the curriculum. 

Computer Science Engineering has enormous scope in various fields and excellent job opportunities.

This field of Engineering is suggested for you if 

  • Computers and programming fascinate you.
  • You have logical thinking and enjoy writing long codes.

After completing your Computer Science Engineering degree, you will have a wide range of career options. 

In fact, Computer Science Engineering is considered one of the best career options in terms of career opportunities. You will be working as one of the mentioned below: 

  1. Big Data Engineer

    As a Big Data Engineer, you will be responsible for building, testing, and maintaining scalable Big Data ecosystems in organizations. 
  1. Machine Learning Engineer

    Machine Learning involves writing various algorithms so that you can train the machines to become intelligent. Machine Learning as a whole helps in upgrading the quality of life. Facebook Friends Suggestions is one such example of Machine Learning. You might want to know about the Future of Machine Learning

  2. Data Scientist

    Data Scientists are the ones who deal with creating value from complex data. They clean, organize and process this data to further analyze it for extracting the hidden patterns within it. They help organizations to understand data better and improve accordingly. 

Apart from the ones mentioned above, other computer science engineering roles are that of a Data Analyst, Software Developer, Computer Network Architect, Blockchain Developer, Full Stack Developer, and Information Security Analyst. 

Know more about Data Science

Data Scientist Working: Types of Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering is the study of the use of chemical and biological methods to manufacture materials.  It is multidisciplinary as it involves combining experimental sciences and life sciences and mathematics and economics. This branch of engineering is way more than chemical equations and complex compounds. 

Chemical Engineering is suggested for you if 

  • You enjoy analyzing processes. 
  • Chemical processes behind manufacturing activities interest you. 

As a Chemical Engineer, the most common jobs you will land are 

  1. Chemical Plant and Systems Operator
    You will be responsible for inspecting and ensuring the smooth operation of the entire plant.

  2. Manufacturing Production Technician
    You will be responsible for setting up the equipment and ensuring that all safety measures and regulations are met.
     
  3. Biotechnologist
    There are high chances that you end up in a Pharmaceutical company after completing your bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering. You will be working closely with the chemists.

Apart from the ones mentioned, you can also expect yourself to work as a food scientist or an Environmental Engineer. 

Chemical Engineers working in the lab

Electrical/Electronics Engineering 

Electrical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with a heavy current: electric light,  power systems, and apparatuses. 

In contrast, Electronics engineering deals with “light current” applications like telephone and radio communication, computers, radar, and automatic control systems.

This branch of Engineering is suggested for you if 

  • You are curious about how electrical devices and systems work.
  • You have an instinct for how electrical systems work and want to improvise them.

As an electrical engineer, you can expect yourself to work as an Control Engineer, Electrical Project engineer, or Electrical Distribution designer. Your main responsibilities will include designing, developing, testing, and manufacturing electrical equipment.  

EEE Engineer  wokring on circuits

Mechanical Engineering 

This branch is one of the oldest and broadest types of engineering. Mechanical engineering deals with the design, manufacturing, optimizing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. 

Statics and dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, stress analysis, mechanical design, and technical drawing are some of the major topics covered in Mechanical Engineering. 

Mechanical Engineering also provides the fundamentals for Automobile Engineering. 

Mechanical Engineering is for you if: 

  • You are passionate about Mechanical Devices. 
  • Physics in everyday life fascinates you. 
  • You have a knack for coming up with innovative designs of Mechanical Systems. 
  • Working in interdisciplinary teams interests you.

As a Mechanical Engineer, you will be working either as a CAD Designer, Structural Analyst, Impact Analyst, Quality Control Engineer, Fatigue Analyst, Mechanical Control Systems engineer, or Fluid Drives and Controls engineer. It depends majorly on the Mechanical specialization you take in your undergraduate.

Gears: Mechanical Engineering

You might want to know about Mechanical Engineering Project Ideas for Beginners

Automobile Engineering


Automobile Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with designing, manufacturing, mechanical mechanisms, and automobile operations. It also includes vehicle engineering of cars, motorcycles, trucks, and buses, etc. 

This branch of engineering is suggested for you if 

  • You are an Automobile enthusiast. 
  • You enjoy working with mechanical systems optimizing processes. 

As an Automobile Engineer, you are most likely to end up as a PowerTrain Design Engineer, Performance Analyst, Vehicle Dynamics engineer, Ergonomics Specialist, Noise and Vibrations Control engineer. 

Automobile Engineers working on a car

Conclusion: Types of Engineering

Engineering as a whole has vast career opportunities. It is important to choose the right engineering field. If a particular field of engineering interests you, it is recommended for you to check the course curriculum and verify if your interests match most of the subjects. 

Each branch of engineering is extensive in itself, and it’s not necessary for you to like all the subjects taught in that engineering because, at the end of the day, you will be working on one particular topic in that branch of engineering. Be careful and very sure of your decision. Hope this helped you in deciding which type of engineering is the best for you.

All the Best!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the career opportunities for an Automobile Engineer?

As an Automobile Engineer, you are most likely to end up as a PowerTrain Design Engineer, Performance Analyst, Vehicle Dynamics engineer, Ergonomics Specialist, Noise and Vibrations Control engineer. 

Which type of job am I most likely to end up after doing Chemical Engineering?

As a Chemical Engineer, the most common jobs you will land are 
Chemical Plant and Systems Operator
You will be responsible for inspecting and ensuring the smooth operation of the entire plant.

Manufacturing Production Technician
You will be responsible for setting up the equipment and ensuring that all safety measures and regulations are met.
 
Biotechnologist
There are high chances that you end up in a Pharmaceutical company after completing your bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering. You will be working closely with the chemists.

What are the career opportunities for a Mechanical Engineer?

As a Mechanical Engineer you are most likely to land up at Research & Development job. You job responsibilities will include designing machine parts and optimizing the performance of the machinery. It will involve using sofwtares like CATIA, ANYSYS and other similar softwares.

What is the Best Engineering branch?

Best Engineering branch is a relative word. It highly depends on your passion and your career goals. In Computer Science related branches, making money is relatively easier but at the same time, you need to be extremely passionate about coding. Similarly, any branch you choose should be driven by your interests and passion, else you will not enjoy what you do

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