Front-End Developer Guide

Full Stack Developer

Table of Contents

  • Reading Time:9Minutes

Introduction

Welcome to our front-end web developer learning guide!

Here we provide you with a complete walkthrough of front-end development. 

Carefully study this blog to understand every part.

Key Takeaways

  1. What is Front-End Development, and Who is a Front-End Developer?
  2. Front-End Development: How To Start
  3. DevOps for Front-End Developer
  4. Principles of DevOps
  5. Lifecycle of DevOps
  6. 7 Skills required for Front-End Developer
  7. Roles and Responsibilities of a Front-End Developer
  8. Salaries of Front-End Developer
  9. Popular Skills for Front End Developers

What is Front-End Development and Who is a Front-End Developer?

Full-stack development is divided into two types: Front-End Development & Back-End Development.

The front-end is what you see on the website and mobile application like menu, graphics (appearance), clickables, and mouse-over. The front-end developer is responsible for the look of the website.

Here is the definition is given by Techslang

“Front-end development refers to that area of web development that focuses on what the users see on their end. It involves converting the code developed by backend developers into a visual imagery interface, ensuring that data is presented in an easy-to-read and understandable way. “

Front-End Developers are people with coding/programming backgrounds. They can easily understand and use the web and mobile applications.

Everything which you see when you visit Flipkart, Amazon, Facebook, Instagram and other web & mobile applications is the work of both Back-End and Front-End developers.

Front-End developers should carefully build websites that work on Chrome, Safari, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Brave, Microsoft Edge and Opera. These are the seven commonly used web browsers.

Want to know about the difference between Front-end and Back-end development. Here is the difference between a front-end developer.

Now let us give you the pathway to start Front-End Developing.

Front-End Development: How To Start

We prefer that you learn a few programming languages to have an effect on website looks and how users interact with the webpages. This includes simple elements such as buttons that take a visitor to different places within the website as input methods like a contact form. 

The programming languages that a Front-end developer uses can create a static webpage or a dynamic page. 

Basic Programming languages include 

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Javascript
  • jQuery

1) HTML (HyperText Markup Language) 

Foundation for all web development starts with HTML. It uses standardised markups or tags that provide the essence for texts, images and many more.

The language is easy to learn; HTML uses unpaired or paired tags to render objects using DOM (Document Object Model) Interface. 

For example, if you were to create a page with a heading text, you could enter the following texts

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>         

<head>                   

<title>My Story</title>

</head>

<body>                                       

<h1>My Heading</h1>                                               

<p>This is my text.</p>                              

</body>

</html>

Front-End Developers are often helpful to these indent lines, always keeping track of tags to close them correctly. However, it is essential to learn HTML for debugging.

2) CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

CSS allows front-end developers to give websites a unified appearance, a premium feature for branded sites. 

There is a style sheet inside the website file structure which reduces the code you enter to help sites load faster and also to minimise the errors.

The style sheet structure can help to create a responsive design for users whether they are visiting on a desktop or mobile phone. 

Here a front-end developer can control the visual aspects of a web page, such as font colours, button design, and text alignment. This language is straightforward, with many options for customization.

If you want to develop consistent-looking headers, for example, if you want navy blue H1 headers, you can enter the following code.

<style>

h1 {color:#000080;}

</style>

Want to know more about CSS and its coding?

Start learning CSS coding here!

3. JavaScript

Most websites have interactive functionality. This is where JavaScript comes in with 

Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript And XML).  It helps Front-End Developers to build a better user experience. 

Javascript helps in time-based actions to display banners during the availability. Let us give you an example.

JavaScript can pop up, encouraging visitors to sign up for a newsletter. you could build a gallery to display products, or you could stream music or videos. 

However, JavaScript is a valuable skill to learn for Front-End Developers & Back-End Developers.

4. jQuery

jQuery is the extension of JavaScript – It is a popular 3rd party library of pre-written code that is similar to CSS. Here instead of adding multiple lines of code, you can complete it in one or few lines.

The influencing thing is that jquery has cross-browser support.

This third party major player language is used by IBM and Google.

To help you understand, in short, jQuery reduces errors to ensure maximum uptime for a website.

For example Google

DevOps for Front-End Developer 

DevOps is on both the Front-End and Back-End software development. 

As we mentioned before, DevOps is common for Back-End and, in fact, part of the job description.

However, there’s DevOps on Front-End too.

In Layman’s language, the meaning of DevOps is – A combination of cultures, philosophies, tools, and practices that are used to enhance the company’s ability to deliver applications at high velocity.

It evolves and improves products at a faster pace when compared to traditional software infrastructure processes.

This allows it to provide better services to its customers in a very efficient manner.

Let us provide the main three principles of DevOps

Principles of DevOps

Interaction between Development, Operations and Customers

1. Communication

The first way of DevOps emphasises System thinking, Optimising the business process, streamlining it, and making it more reliable. 

Flow Of Work

Development –> Operations or Business –>Customer feedback

2. Collaboration

The customer will give feedback to the DevOps team. Now collaboration starts!

Collaboration is all about understanding and responding to the needs of all customers and stakeholders.

Shortening and creating fail-safe, so corrective actions can be taken as early as possible in the process.

Flow Of Work

Customer Feedback –> Improvising/revamping by DevOps –> Customer Feedback

3. Integration

The customer will give feedback to the DevOps team. Now Integration starts!

Last but not least, experimentation, taking risks and learning from failure. 

Understand that improvisation and practice lead to mastery, and it’s a road to perfection.

Flow Of Work

Many Feedback from customers –>DevOps ( Revamping applications, debugging the application, fail-safe runs, Dry run tests) —-> Providing Customer final result.

DevOps activities on the Front-End include

  1. Configuration of module bundler tools such as Webpack, parcel, etc
  2. CI/CD setup and configurations
  3. Packaging the app for staging or production
  4. Application versioning and release
  5. Infrastructure configuration and management
  6. Application performance monitoring

Now let us understand the lifecycle of DevOps in Front-End Development

Lifecycle of DevOps

DevOps of Front-End Developer

You should be able to understand through the diagram; if not, here is the explanation.

Plan

This phase involves the planning of the software. The vision of the project is decided during the planning phase. There is no DevOps tool required for planning.

Code 

The Developers begin to develop the code for the application, and there are several tools for maintaining the code.

8 Main Tools required to maintain the code

  1. Version Control tools. 
  2. Container Management tools. 
  3. Application Performance Monitoring tools. 
  4. Deployment & Server Monitoring tools. 
  5. Configuration Management tools. 
  6. CI / Deployment Automation tools. 
  7. Test Automation tools. 
  8. Artefact Management tools.

Build 

This stage is the heart of the DevOps lifecycle. It is a software development practice in which developers are required to commit changes to the source code frequently, can be daily or weekly.

Build not only includes compilation, but it includes unit testing, integration testing, code review and packaging.

Test

At this phase, where the developed software is continuously testing for bugs like constant testing, automation testing and using tools such as TestNG, JUnit, Selenium and many more are used.

These tools allow questions and answers to test multiple code bases parallelly to ensure there are no flaws in functionality.

Monitor

Here the tested software is monitored by all the operational factors of the entire DevOps process. While monitoring, use software is recorded and carefully processed to find trends and identify problem areas.

Usually, the monitoring is integrated within the operational capabilities of the software application.

Operate

The app development is consistently improved by analysing the result of the operations of the software.

This is carried out by placing the critical phase of constant feedback to operate between the operations and the development of the next version of the current application.

Deploy

The code is pushed to the production servers at this phase. It is also critical to check that the code is correctly implemented across all servers.

New code is constantly being introduced, and configuration management solutions are essential to complete tasks regularly and quickly.

Chef, Puppet, Ansible, and SaltStack are some of the most widely used tools in this category.

During the deployment phase, containerization tools are also critical. Popular tools for this purpose include Vagrant and Docker. 

These tools help to create consistency throughout the development, stage, and testing environment. They also help in lowering and lowering conditions.

Release

All DevOps operations are built on a foundation of consistency and complete automation of the extraction process, which allows the company to constantly reduce all of its marketing time.

Continuity is an important factor for DevOps in reducing phases that often disrupt development, which take longer to reveal errors and result in a better product version after a few months, as evidenced by the discussion. We can improve the efficiency of any software product and raise the overall number of interested clients with DevOps.

You got to know what you need to learn for being a Front -Developer.

Let us take a look at the skills required for Front-End Development to create the pathway to learn.

Go Through: How To Become A Full Stack Web Developer?

7 Skills required for Front-End Developer

1. CSS and JavaScript Frameworks

The framework is bundles of CSS or JS files that provide extra functionality.

To be a professional Front-End Developer, you need to gauge the pros and cons of the framework. Some frameworks should help you search for some content, while some are good at displaying more effectively.

Whatever the case may be, knowledge of the framework is a must.

2. CSS Preprocessing

CSS preprocessors are of four types 

  1. Sass
  2. LESS
  3. Stylus
  4. PostCSS

CSS alone may not be beneficial for your career growth and also for attaining versatility in your resume. 

These preprocessors will reduce the syntax of the coding process and use the CSS preprocessor to compile on the development environment and then upload compiled CSS file to the webserver.

3. Version Control

This is life-saving expertise that aids a front end developer in delivering a customised solution. 

Many unanticipated modifications or errors may occur during the project’s development. Version control allows you to fix faults or make necessary modifications without having to start over from the beginning.

Though it doesn’t need to be stated directly, this is an essential skill for any front end developer to possess.

4. Responsive Design

Websites are now browsed on a variety of devices, including tablets, phones, and other mobile devices. 

An excellent website is one that provides a pleasant viewing experience on all types of devices. 

This is a responsive website, in essence. Another essential talent for every front end developer is the ability to make responsive websites utilising both design and coding.

5. Testing and Debugging

A crucial component of website creation is ensuring that the final product is error-free, bug-free, and provides a flawless user experience. 

As a result, a front end developer’s ability to test and debug a website is another vital skill set. 

There are a variety of approaches that can help front-end and back-end developers make better decisions.

6. Tools For Browser Developer

The browser is the link between your website and its users, so the website you create must work properly in this environment. 

Many modern web browsers come with developer tools. The browser makes your website work automatically by interpreting its codes. As a user interface designer.

You will need the technical knowledge of browser upgrade tools as a developer.

7. Web Performance

By now, you must have realised that HTML, CSS, and Javascript are the fundamental abilities that all front end developers must possess.

The additional abilities indicated are essentially required to ensure that the website or product you’re creating is effective, error-free, interactive, and simple to use. 

Performance on the internet is a term used to describe the ability of a website to perform well.

Now let us discuss the roles and responsibilities of a Front-End Developer

Roles and Responsibilities of a Front-End Developer

Let me provide these roles and responsibilities in short.

If you’re curious about what a front end developer performs, you should know that he/she must

  1. Make a decision on the layout and design of his/her website.
  1. Create features that will enhance the user experience.
  1. The design must strike a strong balance between functionality and beauty. Make sure the website is user-friendly.
  1. Create code that can be reused in the future.
  1. Ensure that web pages are speed and scalability optimised.
  1. When creating web pages, use a variety of tagging languages.
  1. Maintain product consistency throughout the design.

Now let us discuss the salary of a Front-End Developer

If you were to be a professional developer, then these are the salaries!

Salary of a Front-End Developer

Before we go into the wages part, one thing to bear in mind is that pay is directly related to experience and talents.

In India, the average annual income for a front end developer at the entry level is Rs 4,94,103.

When it comes to front end developer salaries in the United States, the average compensation for a senior front end developer is $101,747, while the average salary for junior front end developers is $70,687.

Front end development is currently one of the highest-paying employment roles on the planet. No one can stop you from experiencing exponential growth in the market if you have the necessary skill set.

According to Glassdoor, a Front-End Developer in India can earn an average of Rs 6,47,597 per year. A regular Front-End Developer can earn a salary of Rs 3,50,000 a year.

The maximum salary can be as high as Rs15,00,000 per year on average.

Note:- Never get confused between a Front-End Developer and a Full Stack Developer.

Company based salary for a Front-End Developer 

The following is a list of prominent organisations and what they have to offer front end developers at the start.

1. Tata Consultancy Services Limited provides Rs 590,000 per annum.

2. Accenture Technology Solutions: Rs 610 thousand per year.

3. Accenture: Rs 600,000 per annum

4. Freshdesk: Rs 696 thousand per year

5. Capgemini: annual salary of Rs 6,77,000

6. Cognizant: Rs 5,80, 000 per year

7. Infosys Limited: 375 thousand rupees per annum

Conclusion

Front end development is one of the most in-demand skills in the market; all you need is a creative mind and a strong understanding of HTML, CSS, DOM, and JavaScript to succeed. 

One of the highest-paying positions in the software business is front end developer. No one can stop you from exponential growth if you work on your skills and enhance them.

To improve your skills, have a look at the course.

Best wishes!

Continue your explorations!

Frequently Asked Questions

What does Front End Development include? 

Front-End reference refers to that web development area that focuses on what users see in the end.
It involves converting the code developed by backend developers into a virtual interface, ensuring that data is presented in an easy-to-read and understandable format.

Front-End or Back-End: which is the better choice? 

Both the front and the back are equally interesting; it’s just a matter of interest. The back end refers to the code that operates behind the scenes of a website or web application, whereas the front end refers to the process of translating that code into a graphical interface.
The front will be a better choice for you if you have a creative and artistic mentality.

Can I use Python for the Front-End?

Yes, you can use python for Front-End Development as well as Back-End Development.

Is C++ useful for the Front-End?

C++ is a competitive programming language but does not play any major role in Front-End Development.

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